Tooth decay is the active process of the tooth destruction caused by the interaction between teeth, bacteria and food. Tooth decay is also known as tooth cavity. It is a breakdown of tooth by acids produced by bacteria. The cause of cavity is dissolving the hard tissues of the tooth. The acid is produced by the food debris or sugar. Worldwide approximately, 2.3 billion have dental problems in their permanent teeth.
Caries is also with the poverty, poor cleaning of the mouth and receding gums resulting in exposure of the roots of the teeth.
The appearance of the chalky white spot on the surface of teeth, indicating area of demineralization of teeth is the basic symptom of tooth decay. The other one is foul breath which makes you odd one out among the people.
Many of the foods that we eat contain sugars and starches. When these foods are left on the teeth, plaque (the sticky substance that forms on teeth) combines with the bacteria that live in the mouth. This combination produces acids that damage the tooth enamel causing decay. Regular brushing and dental checkups prevents excess plaque from building up around the teeth. Plaque is a breeding ground for bacteria, and offers it something to cling on to. Less plaque means a reduction in the bacteria that produces lactic acids, thus reducing the risk of tooth decay.
- Brushing and flossing daily; this will help reduce the amount of dental plaque and bacteria in your mouth.
- Avoid snacking or sugary or starchy food during the day helps to reduce tooth decay.
- Use of fluoride toothpaste, which strengthens teeth, as well as fluoride treatments provided by the dentist or taking fluoride supplements as recommended by the dentist.
- Use the right amount of rinse indicated on the label or as directed by your dentist.
- Chewing gum that contains xylitol; this can help decrease bacterial growth.